It would be hard to imagine a wall being in a worse state than this one without collapsing. In fact, portions of the wall had collapsed in the past and had been rebuilt. The outward lean and centre bulge was 18” out of plumb- more than the width of the wall.
Making things worse, repaired portions of stonework were built in Portland cement, with shallow stones that were poorly tied back into the wall.
Our crew carefully removed the top 2/3 of the wall and lowered each stone to the ground where it was cleaned and stored for re-use. We sourced local Limestone for replacement material and also took delivery of several tons of large Limestone slabs, which we split into smaller pieces and incorporated into the wall as through-stones, 45 in all.
The rebuilt wall was capped with cast-in-place reinforced concrete, and galvanized metal.